Tracking LGBT-Related Litigation in Every State

What’s Ahead for LGBTQ Nondiscrimination Litigation

In June 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed in Bostock v. Clayton County that federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination based on “sex” also protect Americans from anti-LGBTQ discrimination. This is a major victory—but many other cases related to LGBTQ protections are on the docket.

From cases where LGBTQ Americans could secure greater protections to cases where the LGBTQ movement must defend long-held protections, litigation is being filed and pursued at a rapid pace. Each legal case provides a tremendous public education opportunity, an illustration of how discrimination strips LGBTQ people of their dignity, and a chance to highlight that a broad majority of Americans support comprehensive nondiscrimination protections once and for all.

Freedom for All Americans is tracking key litigation related to LGBTQ Americans here. We are grateful for our legal partners—including the American Civil Liberties Union, GLTBQ Advocates & Defenders, Lambda Legal, the National Center for Lesbian Rights, the Transgender Law Center, the Transgender Legal Defense & Education Fund, and others—making the case against discrimination in the court of law while we support this work and push forward in the court of public opinion. You can read in-depth, primary source documents on all of these cases, and many more, at Equality Case Files.

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LGBTQ Litigation at the U.S. Supreme Court

In June 2020 LGBTQ advocates celebrated a historic victory from the U.S. Supreme Court in Bostock v. Clayton County, which affirmed that LGBTQ people are protected from employment discrimination under federal law. Now, as we leverage this win, we also look toward the court's 2020-2021 session, when the justices will consider Fulton v. City of Philadelphia, which concerns religious exemptions from LGBTQ-inclusive nondiscrimination laws. Learn more about that case here.

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Featured Litigation

Arlene’s Flowers v. Washington

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: February 21, 2020 • Petition Distributed for U.S. Supreme Court Conference
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

A Washington woman claims a constitutional right to refuse to sell flowers to a same-sex couple for their wedding.

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Sharonell Fulton et al. v. City of Philadelphia

Case Concerning Discrimination in Adoption and Foster Care

Key Date: November 4, 2020 • Supreme Court Oral Arguments
Legal Team: Becket Fund for Religious Liberty
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

Oral arguments were heard in Fall 2020. A decision in this case is expected in Spring 2021.

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