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Litigation Tracker: Filtered Results

To achieve a fully comprehensive law protecting Americans from discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, our movement must work on multiple tracks, creating undeniable momentum that the country requires and is ready for fully inclusive non-discrimination protections ensuring no one faces unfair treatment because of who they are or who they love.

In addition to legislative work happening in statehouses and public education work happening elsewhere, part of this work is happening in the courts – and dozens of legal cases related to LGBTQ discrimination are currently pending in courts across the country. Freedom for All Americans is tracking key litigation related to LGBTQ Americans here. Use the “Explore” filter to track cases based on the state where they’re based, what they concern, whether they’re pending or resolved, or whether they’re filed in federal or state court.

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Topic: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

Family Foundation v Virginia Department of Education

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)

Key Date: July 27, 2021 • Case Dismissed
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The suit challenged the adoption of guidelines for model policies concerning the treatment of transgender students in public and elementary and secondary schools in Virginia.

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Clark County School District v Bryan

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)

Key Date: December 24, 2020 • Nevada State Supreme Court Ruling
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

This case was brought on behalf of two male students who were harassed because of their perceived sexual orientation.

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Rouch World v. Michigan Department of Civil Rights

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: July 2, 2021 • State Supreme Court Agrees to Hear Appeal
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

This case concerns whether the state of Michigan has the right to investigate a public accommodation for discriminating against a same-sex couple under its civil rights statute.

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Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: June 4, 2018 • U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Issued
Legal Team: American Civil Liberties Union
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases, Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission concerns a business owner in Colorado who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation. The business owner seeks a religious exemption to a longstanding non-discrimination law in Colorado prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations based on sexual orientation and gender identity. 

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Carcaño v. Cooper

Case Challenging Anti-LGBTQ Legislation in North Carolina

Key Date: June 25, 2018 • Hearing on Pending Motions
Legal Team: ACLU, ACLU of NC, Lambda Legal
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

While the lawsuit initially targeted House Bill 2, plaintiffs in the case are now targeting HB142, a similarly anti-LGBTQ law passed in April 2017, under the guise of being a "repeal" of HB2.

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Campaign for Southern Equality v. Bryant & Barber v. Bryant

Case Challenging Anti-LGBTQ Law HB1523 in Mississippi

Key Date: January 8, 2018 • U.S. Supreme Court Denied Certiorari
Legal Team: Campaign for Southern Equality, Lambda Legal & Mississippi Center for Justice
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The law allows Mississippi officials, state employees, and private individuals who hold certain religious beliefs to deny a wide array of services to LGBT individuals. 

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Pidgeon v. Turner

Case Concerning Spousal Benefits for Married Same-Sex Couples

Key Date: April 29, 2021 • Intermediate Texas Court of Appeals Ruling
Legal Team: City of Houston
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The intermediate Texas appellate court on April 29th affirmed dismissal of the challenge to the provision of equal spousal health insurance benefits to employees married to same-sex partners prior to the Obergefell decision.

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Starkville Pride v. City of Starkville

Case Concerning Discrimination Against LGBTQ People

Key Date: March 6, 2018 • City of Starkville reverses anti-LGBTQ decision
Legal Team: Private Counsel and Campaign for Southern Equality
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

Plaintiffs Mississippi State University students Bailey McDaniel and Emily Turner filed the federal lawsuit and asked a judge to overrule the city's decision to block the planned parade and immediately grant a parade permit to Starkville Pride.

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