• Explore the Litigation Tracker

Litigation Tracker: All Litigation

To achieve a fully comprehensive law protecting Americans from discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, our movement must work on multiple tracks, creating undeniable momentum that the country requires and is ready for fully inclusive non-discrimination protections ensuring no one faces unfair treatment because of who they are or who they love.

In addition to legislative work happening in statehouses and public education work happening elsewhere, part of this work is happening in the courts – and dozens of legal cases related to LGBTQ discrimination are currently pending in courts across the country. Freedom for All Americans is tracking key litigation related to LGBTQ Americans here. Use the “Explore” filter to track cases based on the state where they’re based, what they concern, whether they’re pending or resolved, or whether they’re filed in federal or state court.


Cross v Loudoun County School Board

A Case Concerning Employment

Key Date: June 23, 2021 • Notice of Appeal Filed
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns a Virginia teacher who was suspended after speaking against a proposed policy regarding students' pronouns.

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People v Rogers

A Case Concerning State Law

Key Date: August 5, 2021 • Decision Issued
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns the state of Michigan's ethnic intimidation law and its application to gender identity discrimination.

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Vasquez v Iowa Dept of Human Services

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: April 22, 2021 • Complaint Filed
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns the state's Medicaid program as is applies to gender-affirming healthcare.

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Taking Offense v California

A Case Concerning State Law

Key Date: July 16, 2021 • CA Court of Appeals Ruling
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns a California law regarding discrimination against transgender people.

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Green v Miss U.S., LLC

A Case Concerning Discrimination Against a Transgender Individual

Key Date: April 8, 2021 • Case Dismissed
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns a transgender woman refused participation in the Miss USA pageant.

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Hennessy-Waller v Snyder

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: March 30, 2021 • Motion for Preliminary Injunction Denied
Legal Team: NCLR
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case challenges Arizona’s denial of Medicaid coverage of gender confirmation surgery.

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Brandt v Rutledge

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination Against Transgender Individuals

Key Date: July 21, 2021 • Preliminary Injunction Granted
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns a recently passed Arkansas law regarding denial of healthcare to transgender youth.

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Bongo Productions v Lawrence

A Case Concerning Public Accommodations

Key Date: July 9, 2021 • Preliminary Injunction Granted
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns a recently passed state law regarding signage indicating whether transgender people can use the restroom corresponding with their gender identity.

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Thomas v Georgia Dept of Community Health

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: June 24, 2021 • Complaint Filed
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns transgender individuals unable to receive gender-affirming care under the state's Medicaid program.

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Hammons v University of Maryland Medical System Corp

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: July 28, 2021 • Motion to Dismiss Refused by 3rd Circuit
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns healthcare discrimination against a transgender man.

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Woods v Seattle’s Union Gospel Mission

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: March 4, 2021 • Order Remanding Case to the Lower Court
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

This case concerns employment discrimination against a bisexual man.

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Scardina v Masterpiece Cakeshop

A Case Concerning Public Accommodations Discrimination

Key Date: August 3, 2021 • Defendant's Notice of Appeal Filed
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns Colorado's nondiscrimination law, specifically provisions regarding public accommodations discrimination.

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Hunter v U.S. Department of Education

A Case Concerning Title IX and Federal Funding

Key Date: March 29, 2021 • Case Filed in the 9th Circuit
Legal Team: Paul Southwick Law, LLC
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Schools & Teachers

This case concerns a provision in Title IX regarding federal funding of schools.

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The Downtown Soup Kitchen v Municipality of Anchorage

A Case Concerning Public Accommodations Discrimination

Key Date: June 30, 2021 • Case Filed in the 9th Circuit
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns whether a religiously affiliated shelter is exempt from the city of Anchorage's non-discrimination ordinance, specifically the sections regarding public accommodations.

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School of the Ozarks v Biden

A Case Concerning Housing Discrimination

Key Date: June 4, 2021 • Appeal Filed by Plaintiff
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Housing Discrimination, Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns the Fair Housing Act and its protection of transgender individuals.

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Religious Sisters of Mercy v Azar

A Case Concerning Healthcare for Transgender Individuals

Key Date: April 20, 2021 • Appeal Filed to 8th Circuit
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns whether a religiously affiliated entity must provide certain types of healthcare under Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act.

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Starkey v Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Indianapolis

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: August 11, 2021 • Ruling Issued Against Plaintiff
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

This case concerns employment discrimination claims under Title VII.

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Demkovich v St. Andrew the Apostle Parish

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: July 9, 2021 • Ruling Issued Against Plaintiff
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Schools & Teachers

This case concerns whether a gay man has grounds to sue his employer for discrimination.

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Intravarsity Christian Fellowship/USA v Board of Governors of Wayne State University

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: June 1, 2021 • Ruling Issued in Favor of Plaintiff(s)
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Schools & Teachers

This case concerns whether a student religious club is exempt from a university nondiscrimination policy.

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Bear Creek Bible Church v EEOC

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: October 31, 2021 • Ruling Issued in Favor of Plaintiff
Legal Team: US Dept of Justice
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns whether a group of Christian-owned businesses are exempt from liability under Title VII for refusing to hire LGBTQ people.

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Franciscan Alliance v Becerra

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: August 9, 2021 • National Permanent Injunction Issued
Legal Team: ACLU (intervenors)
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns the application of sex discrimination protections under Section 1557 of the Affordable Health Care Act.

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Updegrove v Herring

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: March 30, 2021 • Case Dismissed
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case was filed challenging the constitutionality of the Virginia Values Act on behalf of a wedding photographer who objects to photographing same-sex couples’ weddings.

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Carpenter v James

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: April 6, 2021 • Suit Filed by ADF
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case was brought on behalf of a photographer who seeks to be able to refuse to photograph weddings of same-sex couples even though no one has sought to enforce New York’s nondiscrimination law against her.

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Family Foundation v Virginia Department of Education

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)

Key Date: July 27, 2021 • Case Dismissed
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The suit challenged the adoption of guidelines for model policies concerning the treatment of transgender students in public and elementary and secondary schools in Virginia.

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Clark County School District v Bryan

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)

Key Date: December 24, 2020 • Nevada State Supreme Court Ruling
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

This case was brought on behalf of two male students who were harassed because of their perceived sexual orientation.

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N.H. v Anoka-Hennepin School District

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)`

Key Date: March 26, 2021 • Settlement Reached
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Transgender Student Cases

This case concerns application of the state's gender identity discrimination law to a transgender student denied the ability to use the bathroom corresponding to his gender identity and competing on the swim team corresponding to his gender identity.

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Hecox v Little

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s) and Title IX

Key Date: June 24, 2021 • Appeal Remanded to Trial Court
Legal Team: ACLU
Type:

This case concerns application of a 2020 law passed in Idaho that prevents transgender students from playing sports in the division that corresponds to their gender identity.

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Kluge v Brownsburg Community School Corporation

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: July 12, 2021 • Ruling Issued Against Plaintiff
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Schools & Teachers

This case concerns a teacher who claims referring to transgender students by their preferred names and pronouns is a violation of his religious beliefs.

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A.S. v Lee

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s)

Key Date: August 2, 2021 • Case Filed by HRC
Legal Team: HRC
Type: Transgender Student Cases

This case concerns a 2021 bill preventing transgender students using the school restroom that corresponds to their gender identity.

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B.P.J. v West Virginia Board of Education

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s) and Title IX

Key Date: July 21, 2021 • Preliminary Injunction Granted
Legal Team: Lambda Legal, ACLU
Type: Transgender Student Cases

This case concerns a law passed in the 2021 legislative session that prevents transgender youth from playing sports in the division corresponding to their gender identity.

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Hobby Lobby v Somerville

A Case Concerning Public Accommodations Discrimination

Key Date: August 13, 2021 • Ruling from Intermediate Illinois Court
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

The case concerns Hobby Lobby turning away a transgender woman from using the bathroom corresponding to her gender identity.

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Tarrant County College District v. Amanda Sims

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: March 10, 2021 • Intermediate Texas Court of Appeals Ruling
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

The Fifth District Court of Appeals for Texas ruled that an employee can bring a claim of employment discrimination under existing state code.

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Rouch World v. Michigan Department of Civil Rights

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: July 2, 2021 • State Supreme Court Agrees to Hear Appeal
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

This case concerns whether the state of Michigan has the right to investigate a public accommodation for discriminating against a same-sex couple under its civil rights statute.

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C.P. v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Illinois

Case Concerning Healthcare for Transgender Individuals

Key Date: May 4, 2021 • Motion to Dismiss Denied
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

This case concerns protections for transgender people in healthcare under Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act's ban on sex discrimination.

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Texas v. California

Case Concerning Laws Regarding State-Funded Travel

Key Date: April 26, 2021 • Supreme Court Denies Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

This case involves whether or not it is legal for California to deny state-funded travel into the state from Texas because of that state's discriminatory child care laws.

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Doe v. University of Scranton

A Case Concerning LGBTQ Student(s) and Title IX

Key Date: October 9, 2020 • Ruling From the 3rd Circuit Denying Motion to Dismiss
Type: Housing Discrimination, Transgender Student Cases

The lawsuit alleges a gay student was repeatedly harassed by a non-LGBTQ peer, with the university declining to step in.

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Lange v. Houston County

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: October 30, 2020 • Ruling From the 11th Circuit Allowing Case to Proceed
Legal Team: TLDEF
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

This case involves a transgender Georgia Sheriff's Deputy who was denied access to best-practice medical care.

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Toomey v. Arizona

Case Concerning Healthcare for Transgender Individuals

Key Date: February 26, 2021 • Motion for Preliminary Injunction Denied
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

This case regards a transgender man denied best-practice medical care by his employer, the state of Arizona.

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Scutt v Carbonaro CPAS NM Mgmt Group

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: October 2, 2020 • Ruling Issued Regarding Title VII Claim by 9th Circuit
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

This case regards employment discrimination against a transgender CPA.

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McIntyre v. Whitmer

A Case Concerning the Transgender Military Ban

Key Date: October 30, 2020 • Case Filed in the 6th Circuit
Legal Team: GLAD, NCLR
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

This case challenges the transgender military ban on behalf of a Michigan National Guard member.

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Fain v. Crouch

A Case Concerning Healthcare Discrimination

Key Date: April 19, 2021 • Motion to Dismiss Denied
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

The case concerns healthcare discrimination on the basis of gender identity.

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Jiminez v. Local 225 of the Laborers’ International Union of North America

A Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: October 8, 2020 • 7th Circuit Ruling Issued Allowing Case to Go Forward
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

This case revolves around a union that denied a lesbian couple spousal benefits.

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McLucas v. Home Depot USA

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination

Key Date: October 27, 2020 • Defendant's Motion to Dismiss Denied
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

The case concerns a suit brought by a Black woman claiming that she was fired for reporting the sexual harassment of a co-worker on the basis of their sexual orientation.

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Business Leaders in Christ v. University of Iowa

A Case Concerning Religious Exemptions

Key Date: March 22, 2021 • 8th Circuit Ruling Issued
Legal Team: Plaintiffs: Daniel Blomberg, Becket Fund for Religious Liberty
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Schools & Teachers

Business Leaders in Christ, a University of Iowa student group, filed suit against the university claiming their religious freedoms had been violated.

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Dignity Health v. Minton

Case Concerning Healthcare for Transgender Individuals

Key Date: November 1, 2021 • US Supreme Court Denies Writ of Certoriari
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

Dignity Health v. Minton is a case filed on behalf of a transgender man denied a hysterectomy at a Catholic hospital.

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Joel Doe v. Boyertown Area School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: September 24, 2019 • Plaintiffs Drop Case
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Transgender Student Cases

This case is about respecting transgender students for who they are and is a part of the growing legislative and legal momentum against restricting restroom access for transgender Americans.

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Klein v. Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Nondiscrimination Laws

Key Date: January 9, 2020 • Oral Argument before Oregon Court of Appeals
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

Klein v. Oregon Bureau of Labor & Industries concerns a business owner in Oregon who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation.

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Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: June 4, 2018 • U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Issued
Legal Team: American Civil Liberties Union
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases, Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission concerns a business owner in Colorado who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation. The business owner seeks a religious exemption to a longstanding non-discrimination law in Colorado prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations based on sexual orientation and gender identity. 

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Evans v. Georgia Regional Hospital

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Under Title VII

Key Date: December 11, 2017 • Supreme Court Denies Review in Case
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

The case dates back to April 2015, when Jameka Evans claimed that her former employer, Georgia Regional Hospital, violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act by discriminating against her because of her sexual orientation and gender non-conformity. 

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Jane Doe v. Highland Local School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: February 22, 2018 • 6th Circuit Rejects Anti-LGBTQ Request for Stay of Lower Court Ruling
Legal Team: National Center for Lesbian Rights
Type: Transgender Student Cases

Highland Local Schools in Ohio is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students, including a young transgender girl, Jane Doe. Following an investigation by the United States Department of Education, the District was found to be violating Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

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Doe v. Trump

Case Challenging Trump's Directive Banning Military Service for Transgender Americans

Key Date: April 12, 2019 • Anti-Transgender Military Ban Takes Effect
Legal Team: GLAD & NCLR
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

On August 9 Doe v. Trump was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia challenging Trump's attempt to reinstate a ban on open service for transgender people.

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Jane Doe v. Highland Local School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: February 22, 2018 • 6th Circuit Rejects Anti-LGBTQ Request for Stay of Lower Court Ruling
Legal Team: National Center for Lesbian Rights
Type: Transgender Student Cases

Highland Local Schools in Ohio is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students, including a young transgender girl, Jane Doe. Following an investigation by the United States Department of Education, the District was found to be violating Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

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Carcaño v. Cooper

Case Challenging Anti-LGBTQ Legislation in North Carolina

Key Date: June 25, 2018 • Hearing on Pending Motions
Legal Team: ACLU, ACLU of NC, Lambda Legal
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

While the lawsuit initially targeted House Bill 2, plaintiffs in the case are now targeting HB142, a similarly anti-LGBTQ law passed in April 2017, under the guise of being a "repeal" of HB2.

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Campaign for Southern Equality v. Bryant & Barber v. Bryant

Case Challenging Anti-LGBTQ Law HB1523 in Mississippi

Key Date: January 8, 2018 • U.S. Supreme Court Denied Certiorari
Legal Team: Campaign for Southern Equality, Lambda Legal & Mississippi Center for Justice
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The law allows Mississippi officials, state employees, and private individuals who hold certain religious beliefs to deny a wide array of services to LGBT individuals. 

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Kenosha Unified School District v. Whitaker

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: January 10, 2018 • Case Settled
Legal Team: Transgender Law Center
Type: Transgender Student Cases

The court’s opinion made the 7th Circuit the highest court ever to decisively find that Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination based on sex, extends to transgender students.

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Smith v. Avanti

Case Concerning Housing Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Key Date: April 5, 2017 • Ruling Issued in Favor of Plaintiffs
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Housing Discrimination

For the first time in federal court, Judge Moore also found that the property owner’s anti-LGBT discrimination violated the Fair Housing Act, which prohibits discrimination based on sex, including stereotypes about sex.

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Stone v. Trump

Case Challenging Trump's Directive Banning Military Service for Transgender Americans

Key Date: April 12, 2019 • Anti-Transgender Military Ban Takes Effect
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

On August 28 Stone v. Trump was filed in the U.S. District Court for Maryland challenging Trump's attempt to reinstate a ban on open service for transgender people.

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Karnoski v. Trump

Case Challenging Trump's Directive Banning Military Service for Transgender Americans

Key Date: June 14, 2019 • Ruling from 9th Circuit Issued
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

On August 28 Karnoski v. Trump was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington challenging Trump's attempt to reinstate a ban on open service for transgender people.

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Wetzel v. Glen St. Andrew Living Community

Case Concerning Housing Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation

Key Date: August 27, 2018 • 7th Circuit Ruling in Favor of Plaintiff
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Housing Discrimination

The plaintiff is Marsha Wetzel, a woman in Niles, Illinois who experienced harassment and discrimination from residents and administrators at Glen St. Andrew Living Community.

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303 Creative v. Elenis

Case Seeking Religious Exemption from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: July 26, 2021 • 10th Circuit Affirms District Court's Ruling
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

The owner of 303 Creative, a graphic designer, says the state's nondiscrimination law forces her to promote marriages between same-sex couples.

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Pidgeon v. Turner

Case Concerning Spousal Benefits for Married Same-Sex Couples

Key Date: April 29, 2021 • Intermediate Texas Court of Appeals Ruling
Legal Team: City of Houston
Type: Other Sexual Orientation Cases

The intermediate Texas appellate court on April 29th affirmed dismissal of the challenge to the provision of equal spousal health insurance benefits to employees married to same-sex partners prior to the Obergefell decision.

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Gavin Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: June 28, 2021 • U.S. Supreme Court Declines Review
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Transgender Student Cases

Gavin graduated from high school in June 2017 – but his case has not yet ended. The ACLU has continued to represent him. On May 22 of 2018, a federal district court ruled that his Title IX claim had merit. The 4th Circuit upheld this ruling on August 26, 2020.

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Country Mill Farms v. City of East Lansing

Case Seeking Religious Exemption from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: September 15, 2017 • Order Issued in Favor of Plaintiffs
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

The business owner would like to participate in farmer's markets within East Lansing, but in doing so would like to be exempt from abiding by the city's LGBTQ-inclusive non-discrimination ordinance.

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Stockman v. Trump

Case Challenging Trump's Directive Banning Military Service for Transgender Americans

Key Date: April 12, 2019 • Anti-Transgender Military Ban Takes Effect
Legal Team: Equality California, GLBTQ Advocates & Defenders, National Center for Lesbian Rights
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

On September 4 Stockman v. Trump was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California challenging Trump's attempt to reinstate a ban on open service for transgender people.

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M.A.B. v. Board of Education of Talbot County

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: June 18, 2018 • Case Settled
Legal Team: FreeState Justice, ACLU and ACLU of MD
Type: Transgender Student Cases

St. Michaels Middle-High School in Maryland is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students, including M.A.B., a transgender boy, with regard to sex-segregated facilities such as restrooms.

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Adams v. School Board of St. John’s County, Florida

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: June 24, 2021 • 11th Circuit Vacates Original Ruling
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Transgender Student Cases

On June 28, 2017, Lambda Legal filed a sex discrimination case in the Eleventh District Court on behalf on John Adams, a 16-year old male student who was denied access to the boys' restroom because he is transgender.

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Schawe-Lane v. Amazon

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Gender Identity Under Title VII

Key Date: April 11, 2018 • Parties Stipulate to Dismissal of Claims
Legal Team: Transgender Legal Defense and Education Fund
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

Transgender Defense and Education Legal Fund (TLDEF) has filed a lawsuit in the 6th District Court regarding employment discrimination by Amazon against Allegra Schawe-Lane, a transgender woman, and her husband, Dane Lane.

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Parents for Privacy v. Dallas School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: December 7, 2020 • US Supreme Court Denies Writ of Certoriari
Legal Team: ACLU, ACLU of Oregon, Basic Rights Oregon
Type: Transgender Student Cases

Dallas School District in Oregon has long had a policy respecting the gender identity of transgender students. But in 2017 an anti-LGBTQ organization filed a lawsuit challenging this policy, on behalf of several non-transgender students, who claim their privacy is threatened by transgender students using the restrooms and locker rooms that align with their gender identity.

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Arlene’s Flowers v. Washington

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: July 2, 2021 • US Supreme Court Denies Writ of Certoriari
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

A Washington woman claims a constitutional right to refuse to sell flowers to a same-sex couple for their wedding.

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Altitude Express, Inc. v. Zarda

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Under Title VII

Key Date: October 8, 2019 • Supreme Court Oral Argument in Case
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

The United States Supreme Court heard this argument in this case and will issue a decision in the first half of 2020.

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Doe v. Volusia County School Board

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: April 4, 2018 • Motion for Preliminary Injunction Denied
Legal Team: NCLR & Private Counsel
Type: Transgender Student Cases

A school in Florida is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students, including a young transgender male, identified as John Doe. 

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Dumont v. Lyon

Case Concerning Discrimination in Adoption and Foster Care

Key Date: March 22, 2019 • Settlement Reached
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

Dumont v. Lyon is a case challenging a Michigan law that allows state-funded adoption agencies to cite religion as a reason for turning away foster parents or adoptive parents based on their sexual orientation. 

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Starkville Pride v. City of Starkville

Case Concerning Discrimination Against LGBTQ People

Key Date: March 6, 2018 • City of Starkville reverses anti-LGBTQ decision
Legal Team: Private Counsel and Campaign for Southern Equality
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases, Other Sexual Orientation Cases

Plaintiffs Mississippi State University students Bailey McDaniel and Emily Turner filed the federal lawsuit and asked a judge to overrule the city's decision to block the planned parade and immediately grant a parade permit to Starkville Pride.

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Brush & Nib Studio v. City of Phoenix

Case Seeking Religious Exemption from LGBTQ Nondiscrimination Laws

Key Date: September 16, 2019 • Order Issued Narrowly Against Defendants by AZ Supreme Court
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

On June 7, Alliance Defending Freedom indicated it would appeal to the AZ Supreme Court following the Arizona Court of Appeals' ruling, which upheld the city of Phoenix's nondiscrimination ordinance that protects LGBTQ from discrimination in housing, employment, and public accommodations.

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Department of Fair Employment and Housing v. Cathy’s Creations, dba Tastries Inc.

Case Concerning Public Accommodations Discrimination

Key Date: June 19, 2018 • Awaiting Appeal
Legal Team: Freedom of Conscience Fund
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

On June 19, 2018, the state department in the case dropped their appeal of a ruling from a County Superior Court Judge in favor of the defendant. However, the couple intends to appeal the decision on their own.

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Telescope Media Group v. Lindsey

Case Seeking Religious Exemption from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: November 4, 2019 • Ruling Issued Against Defendants by 8th Circuit
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

This case concerns a business that opposed marriage for same-sex couples seeking to preempt Minnesota's Human Rights Act (MHRA) which prevents discrimination in business.

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Sharonell Fulton et al. v. City of Philadelphia

Case Concerning Discrimination in Adoption and Foster Care

Key Date: June 17, 2021 • Supreme Court Ruling
Legal Team: Becket Fund for Religious Liberty
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on June 17, 2021 that governments can enforce nondiscrimination laws as long as they do so neutrally, but that the city of Philadelphia was not neutral in its application of its nondiscrimination laws.

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Hands On Originals v. Baker

Case Seeking Religious Exemption From Local Nondiscrimination Ordinance

Key Date: October 31, 2019 • Kentucky Supreme Court Ruling
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

In May 2017, the Kentucky Appeals Court overturned a lower ruling that determined Hands On Originals had discriminated against an LGBTQ organization when it refused to print t-shirts for a Pride organization.

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Marouf v. Azar

Case Concerning Discrimination in Foster Care

Key Date: June 12, 2019 • District Court Denied Motion to Dismiss Case
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

This case concerns a lesbian couple that was denied the chance to become foster parents for a child after an agency learned of their sexual orientation and stated that their family "did not mirror the Holy Family."

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Walsh & Nance v. Friendship Village of South County

Case Concerning Housing Discrimination

Key Date: May 29, 2019 • Case Put On Hold Pending SCOTUS Resolution in Title VII Cases
Legal Team: NCLR, ACLU of Missouri
Type: Housing Discrimination

Married couple Mary Walsh and Bev Nance sought housing at the Friendship Village of South County , a senior housing community in St. Louis, Missouri. Friendship Village told Walsh and Nance that it would not accept them as residents because it followed the “Biblical definition” of marriage and “defined marriage as between a man and a woman.” Friendship Village is not affiliated with or operated by any religion or religious order, is open to the public, and does not inquire about the religious beliefs or affiliations of residents.

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Aloha Bed & Breakfast v. Cervelli

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: March 18, 2019 • Supreme Court Denies Review in Case
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

Aloha Bed & Breakfast v. Cervelli concerns a business owner in Hawaii who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation.

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Harold Lampley and Rene Frost v. Missouri Commission on Human Rights

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Under State Law

Key Date: February 26, 2019 • Ruling from MO Supreme Court
Legal Team: Private Counsel
Type: Sexual Orientation Employment Discrimination Cases

This case concerns two employees of the Missouri Department of Social Services claiming employment discrimination under Missouri's current human rights laws prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation.

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R.M.A v. Blue Springs R-IV School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: February 26, 2019 • Ruling from MO Supreme Court
Legal Team: Private Counsel
Type: Transgender Student Cases

A school in Missouri is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students.

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Wittmer v. Phillips 66

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Gender Identity Under Title VII

Key Date: February 6, 2019 • Ruling Issued Against Plaintiff by 5th Circuit
Legal Team: Private Counsel
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

The case centers on Nicole Wittmer, who was offered employment with Phillips 66 after a job interview, but her job offer of employment was rescinded after her transgender status was disclosed.

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New Hope Family Services v. Sheila J. Poole

Case Concerning Discrimination in Adoption and Foster Care

Key Date: February 19, 2020 • Hearing Before District Judge
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Child Welfare Issues

The lawsuit centers on the state of New York's position that adoption and foster care agencies licensed by the state may not discriminate against prospective parents.

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Kadel v. Folwell

Case Concerning Discrimination in Health Care

Key Date: March 11, 2019 • Initial Complaint Filed
Legal Team: Lambda Legal & TLDEF
Type: Other Gender Identity Cases

Kadel v. Folwell is a case filed by Lambda Legal and TLDEF on behalf of North Carolina public employees, some who are transgender and others who are the family members of transgender people.

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Soule v. Connecticut Association of Schools

Case Concerning School Athletics for Transgender Students

Key Date: July 9, 2021 • Appealed to 2nd Circuit
Legal Team: ACLU
Type: Transgender Student Cases

Soule v. Connecticut Association of Schools is a case concerning discrimination based on gender identity or expression in schools. The lawsuit challenges the Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference and multiple school boards who have transgender-inclusive policies.

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Rouch World v. Michigan Dept. of Civil Rights

Case Challenging State's Interpretation of Nondiscrimination Law

Key Date: February 13, 2020 • Initial Complaint Filed
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

The case was filed against the Michigan Department of Civil Rights by a private park and wedding venue in Michigan who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation. The venue argues that the state’s Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act doesn’t protect people from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

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Chelsea Nelson Photography, LLC v. Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: February 27, 2020 • Statement of Interest Filed by Department of Justice
Legal Team: Alliance Defending Freedom
Type: Religious Exemption Cases: Public Accommodations

The lawsuit seeks to preempt a local ordinance in Louisville, Kentucky that prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation in places of public accommodation.

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Fletcher v. State of Alaska

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Gender Identity Under Title VII

Key Date: February 19, 2020 • Oral Argument before Alaska District Court
Legal Team: Lambda Legal
Type: Gender Identity Employment Discrimination Cases

Fletcher v. State of Alaska is a case brought by Lambda Legal on behalf of a transgender state employee suing the state of Alaska under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 because she was denied transition-related surgical treatment by her employee health care plan.

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